Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries, limiting the flow of oxygen-rich blood. This can lead to serious problems. Atherosclerosis usually doesn’t cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don’t know they have the disease until they have a medical emergency. When symptoms do happen, they are specific to the arteries affected by atherosclerosis. A physical examination, imaging, and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have the disease. Treatments include medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking.
The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. With dementia, it is difficult to think and interact with others. Even simple daily activities are challenging. More than 4 million older Americans have Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease gradually kills off healthy brain tissue. Memory and mental ability decrease without healthy brain tissue. This is why Alzheimer’s usually leads to dementia. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, it can be managed. There are many ways to help the person be “the best that they can be.” With patience, focus and a lot of love, you can help your loved one with Alzheimer’s disease enjoy life as much as possible. He or she needs your support now more than ever!
A low red blood cell count is called anemia. When you do not have enough red blood cells, your blood cannot carry enough oxygen to your body. It is estimated that about 30% of the world’s population is anemic. Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, or high rates of blood cell destruction. These causes may be due to many diseases, conditions, or other factors. The more severe the anemia and the more quickly it develops, the worse the symptoms tend to be. If you have symptoms of anemia, see your healthcare provider to find out whether you have the condition. Severe or long-lasting anemia can damage the heart, brain, and other organs of the body. It may even cause death. However, most cases of anemia are mild and easily treated by including more iron-rich foods in your diet or by iron supplements.